Magicians read in their books about these kings, whose names vary depending on the source. According to one version, they were: Mudhhib ("gilder"), Merra, al-Ahmar ("the red"), Borqan ("the gleaming"), Semhuresh, al-Abyad ("the white") and Mimun ("lucky").

  • Al-Mazhab (The Golden One)- Sunday - Sun or Shamsh
  • Al-Abyad (The White One)- Monday - Moon or Kamer
  • Al-Ahmar (The Red One)- Tuesday - Mars or al-Marih
  • Barkan (Two Thunders)- Wednesday - Mercur or Utarid
  • Šamhureš or Shamhuresh (N/A)- Thursday - Jupiter or al-Mushtari
  • Zawba'a (Cyclone)- Friday - Venus or al-Zahra
  • Meymoon (Prosperous) - Saturday - Saturn or Zuhal

Each of these jinn kings has many tribes of jinn subjects to his rule. All the above given names are Arabic -- except for Shamhurish, whose origin is unclear. Shamhurish is considered by some accounts to have been a jinn companion of the Prophet, and some believe he died long ago -- in the early eighteenth century -- and has been replaced by Mutawakkil. 'Abu Murrah' (Father of Bitterness) is a common alias for Iblis. 'Abu al-Harith' (Father of Plowman) is, for reasons lost in antiquity, an old Arabic term for African lion.

Al-Qarinah (sometimes called al-Tabi'ah) and Umm al-Subian are well-known demons whose names are also often found on talismans. Al-Ahmar is sometimes called Abu al-Tawabi', or father of the qarins, the male versions of al-Qarinah.

Four of the seven jinn kings qualified as 'archdemons', or leaders of infernal hosts: Mudhib, Maimun, Barqan and al-Ahmar. Each of the four archdemons had for his deputy an ifrit, an evil jinn more powerful than a run-of-the-mill shaitan or devil. Mudhib had the ifrit Damriat (or Tamriat), Maimun had Man'iq (or San'iq), Barqan had Wahdelbadj (or Wahdeliadj) and al-Ahmar had Sughal. None of these ifrits' names has appeared on a talisman, according to Palestinian folklorist Tewfik Canaan, who published important writings ont he translation of Arabic talismans in 1937-1938.

Typology of jnun and Parts of the Body Attacked
Name of jinn Part of body attacked
Al-ahmar (red) Head, uterus
Barqan Back
Shamharush Belly
Murra Pelvis
Mimun Feet
Al-abayad (white) Whole body


The Seven Kings of the Air


  1. Varcan
  2. Arcan
  3. Samax
  4. Mediat
  5. Suth
  6. Sarabotes
  7. Maymon